Science For Thought – VOL 3 (2017) – No.6

Check out the latest Science For Thought Volume 3 No. 6 [ Nov / Dec 2017 ] !

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Science for Thought – Vol 3 (2017) – No. 6

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PTET Youth Science Symposium 2018

Youth Science Symposium 2018 promo

  • Participation is open to all U6 2018 of Pusat Tingkatan Enam Tutong. 
  • Topics are open-ended, but need to be narrowed down once nominated as finalists.
  • External adjudicators could be involved and live questions-and-answers session.
  • 10-15 minutes talk, 5 minutes QnA
  • Speak to Mr Onn before December holiday to register interest, so that can prepare over the holiday.

Artificial insulin-releasing cells may make it easier to manage diabetes

Artificial insulin-secreting cells

Artificial cells made from scratch in the lab could one day offer a more effective, patient-friendly diabetes treatment.

Diabetes, which affects more than 400 million people around the world, is characterized by the loss or dysfunction of insulin-making beta cells in the pancreas. For the first time researchers have created synthetic cells that mimic how natural beta cells sense blood sugar concentration and secrete just the right amount of insulin. Experiments with mice show that these cells can regulate blood sugar for up to five days, researchers report online October 30 in Nature Chemical Biology. Continue reading “Artificial insulin-releasing cells may make it easier to manage diabetes”

Boost for Solar Cells Also Makes Self-Driving Cars Safer

Solar

Engineers working to make solar cells more cost effective ended up finding a method for making sonar-like collision avoidance systems in self-driving cars.

The twin discoveries started, the researchers say, when they began looking for a solution to a well-known problem in the world of solar cells.

Solar cells capture photons from sunlight in order to convert them into electricity. The thicker the layer of silicon in the cell, the more light it can absorb, and the more electricity it can ultimately produce. But the sheer expense of silicon has become a barrier to solar cost-effectiveness.

So the engineers figured out how to create a very thin layer of silicon that could absorb as many photons as a much thicker layer of the costly material. Specifically, rather than laying the silicon flat, they nanotextured the surface of the silicon in a way that created more opportunities for light particles to be absorbed.

Their technique increased photon absorption rates for the nanotextured solar cells compared to traditional thin silicon cells, making more cost-effective use of the material.

Continue reading “Boost for Solar Cells Also Makes Self-Driving Cars Safer”